2019-03-05 12:10:25  ·  词库



英音 [treɪn] 美音 [tren]


n. 火车;行列;一系列相关的事情; 拖裾;

v. 训练;教育;培养;修整;


  1. public transport provided by a line of railway cars coupled together and drawn by a locomotive;

    "express trains don't stop at Princeton Junction"

  2. a sequentially ordered set of things or events or ideas in which each successive member is related to the preceding;

    "a string of islands"
    "train of mourners"
    "a train of thought"

  3. a procession (of wagons or mules or camels) traveling together in single file;

    "we were part of a caravan of almost a thousand camels"
    "they joined the wagon train for safety"

  4. a series of consequences wrought by an event;

    "it led to a train of disasters"

  5. piece of cloth forming the long back section of a gown that is drawn along the floor;

    "the bride's train was carried by her two young nephews"

  6. wheelwork consisting of a connected set of rotating gears by which force is transmitted or motion or torque is changed;

    "the fool got his tie caught in the geartrain"

  1. create by training and teaching;

    "The old master is training world-class violinists"
    "we develop the leaders for the future"

  2. undergo training or instruction in preparation for a particular role, function, or profession;

    "She is training to be a teacher"
    "He trained as a legal aid"

  3. develop (children's) behavior by instruction and practice; especially to teach self-control;

    "Parents must discipline their children"
    "Is this dog trained?"

  4. educate for a future role or function;

    "He is grooming his son to become his successor"
    "The prince was prepared to become King one day"
    "They trained him to be a warrior"

  5. teach or refine to be discriminative in taste or judgment;

    "Cultivate your musical taste"
    "Train your tastebuds"
    "She is well schooled in poetry"

  6. point or cause to go (blows, weapons, or objects such as photographic equipment) towards;

    "Please don't aim at your little brother!"
    "He trained his gun on the burglar"
    "Don't train your camera on the women"
    "Take a swipe at one's opponent"

  7. teach and supervise (someone); act as a trainer or coach (to), as in sports;

    "He is training our Olympic team"
    "She is coaching the crew"

  8. exercise in order to prepare for an event or competition;

    "She is training for the Olympics"

  9. cause to grow in a certain way by tying and pruning it;

    "train the vine"

  10. travel by rail or train;

    "They railed from Rome to Venice"
    "She trained to Hamburg"

  11. drag loosely along a surface; allow to sweep the ground;

    "The toddler was trailing his pants"
    "She trained her long scarf behind her"

constrain vt. 强迫;强使;限制;约束;
detrain vt. (使)下火车;
distrain vi. 扣押(人、财物等);
entrain v. 使乘火车;拖;产生;
eyestrain n. 眼睛疲劳;眼过劳;
overstrain v. 使过度紧张,使工作过度,过度紧张; n. 过度紧张,过劳;
overtrain v. (使)训练过度;
quatrain n. 四行诗;
restrain vt. 抑制,压抑;限定,限制;制止;监禁;
retrain vt. 重新教育,再教育;
seatrain n. 火车渡船,海上运输队;
strain vt.& vi. 拉紧,拉伤;用力拉; n. 血统,家族;性格,脾气;语气;一段音乐; vt. 拉紧,拽紧或扯紧;尽量使力;扭伤;歪曲; vi. 不懈;受到强大的压力;拉紧,紧绷;
trainband n. 民兵队;
trainbearer n. (婚礼或其他礼仪中新娘等身后的)拉衣裙者,(北美产的)长尾蜂鸟;
trainee n. 受训练的人[动物];新兵;练习生,实习生;
trainer n. 运动鞋;教员;驯兽师;
training n. 训练;培养;(枪炮,摄影机等的)瞄准;整枝法; v. 训练,培养( train的现在分词);教育;瞄准;整枝;
trainload n. 列车载重,列车载客[载货]量;
trainman n. 车车务员,乘务员;

following train 后行列车,后续列车;
engineering train 工程列车;
train momentum 列车动能;
train regulation 列车调整;
named train 有标名的列车;
combat train 战斗列车;
relay train 中转列车;
owl train n. 夜间行驶的火车;
boat train n. 配合船班次载运船客的火车;
sheet train 挤片生产线;
train. [医][=training]训练,培养;
train pulse 序列脉冲;
bit train 位列;
barge-train 船列;
empties train 空列车;
accommodation train n. <美>(各站或几乎各站都停的)普通旅客列车;
train printer 列(车)式打印机;
mill train 轧机机组;
coal train 煤炭列车;
train-mile n. 列车行驶英里(用作计算票价单位);




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