2019-03-05 18:28:19  ·  词库



英音 [graʊnd] 美音 [ɡraʊnd]


n. 地面,土地;基础;范围;阵地,战场;

vi. 搁浅,停飞;着陆;

vt. 把…放在地上;在…的基础树立上;交给…基本知识;使…受初步训练;

v. grind的过去式和过去分词;


  1. the solid part of the earth's surface;

    "the plane turned away from the sea and moved back over land"
    "the earth shook for several minutes"
    "he dropped the logs on the ground"

  2. a rational motive for a belief or action;

    "the reason that war was declared"
    "the grounds for their declaration"

  3. the loose soft material that makes up a large part of the land surface;

    "they dug into the earth outside the church"

  4. a relation that provides the foundation for something;

    "they were on a friendly footing"
    "he worked on an interim basis"

  5. a position to be won or defended in battle (or as if in battle);

    "they gained ground step by step"
    "they fought to regain the lost ground"

  6. the part of a scene (or picture) that lies behind objects in the foreground;

    "he posed her against a background of rolling hills"

  7. material in the top layer of the surface of the earth in which plants can grow (especially with reference to its quality or use);

    "the land had never been plowed"
    "good agricultural soil"

  8. a relatively homogeneous percept extending back of the figure on which attention is focused

  9. a connection between an electrical device and a large conducting body, such as the earth (which is taken to be at zero voltage)

  10. (art) the surface (as a wall or canvas) prepared to take the paint for a painting

  11. the first or preliminary coat of paint or size applied to a surface

  1. fix firmly and stably;

    "anchor the lamppost in concrete"

  2. confine or restrict to the ground;

    "After the accident, they grounded the plane and the pilot"

  3. place or put on the ground

  4. instruct someone in the fundamentals of a subject

  5. bring to the ground;

    "the storm grounded the ship"

  6. hit or reach the ground

  7. throw to the ground in order to stop play and avoid being tackled behind the line of scrimmage

  8. hit a groundball;

    "he grounded to the second baseman"

  9. hit onto the ground

  10. cover with a primer; apply a primer to

  11. connect to a ground;

    "ground the electrical connections for safety reasons"

  12. use as a basis for; found on;

    "base a claim on some observation"

aboveground adv. 在地上,未被埋葬地,活着;
aground adv. 搁浅地;地面上; adj. 搁浅的;在地面上的;
background n. (画等的)背景;底色;背景资料;配乐;
battleground n. 战场;论争的主题;
belowground adj. 地下的;
campground n. 野营地,露营场所;
fairground n. 露天市场;举行赛会的场所;露天马戏场;
foreground n. 前景;突出的地方, 最显著的位置;
groundbreaker n. 创始者;改进者;
groundbreaking adj. 开创性的,突破性的;
grounder n. 滚地球,沿地面跳滚的球;
groundhog n. (美国产的)土拨鼠;
groundkeeper n. 体育场、公园、公墓等地的管理员;
groundless adj. 无理由的,无根据的;平白无故;飞;莫须有;
groundling n. 匍匐植物,没鉴赏力的低俗观众;
groundmass n. 基质(一种连续分布的细粒物质,其中镶嵌着沉积物或沉积岩的大颗粒);
groundnut n. 落花生;
groundout n. (击球员击出内场地滚球后的)被杀出局;
groundsel n. 千里光属植物;
groundsill n. 基础横木;地基;地板;卧木;
groundskeeper n. (运动场、庄园、墓地等的)场地管理员[亦作 groundkeeper];
groundstroke 落地球(球落地弹起之后的一击);
groundswell (飓风和地震引起的)海啸,浅水长涌;
groundwork n. 基础;基本原理;
playground n. 操场,尤指提供如秋千等设备的户外场地;游乐场;(某些集体聚会游乐的)园地;
underground adj. 地下的;秘密的;先锋派的;隐蔽的;

ground-to-ground adv. 地对地;
ground friction 地面摩擦;
ground skidder 地曳式集材机;
ground limestone 重质碳酸钙;
stock ground 料场;
ground springs 无纤维废胶末;
ground capacitance 接地电容;
ground arms 放下武器,投降;
ground flora 地表植物;
ground oak 橡胶树的根蘖,胭脂虫栎;
ground cable 接地电缆,浮筒锚链;
ground-to-ground transmission [计] 地对地传输;
ground to ground 地对地;
power ground [电] 电力接地;
ravelly ground 松散岩层;
ground-air 地空的;
proving ground n. 试验场;
ground concrete 地面混凝土;
ground investigation 地面调查;




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