英音 [kleɪm] 美音 [klem]
an assertion of a right (as to money or property);
"his claim asked for damages"
an assertion that something is true or factual;
"his claim that he was innocent"
"evidence contradicted the government's claims"
demand for something as rightful or due;
"they struck in support of their claim for a shorter work day"
an informal right to something;
"his claim on her attentions"
"his title to fame"
an established or recognized right;
"a strong legal claim to the property"
"he had no documents confirming his title to his father's estate"
"he staked his claim"
a demand especially in the phrase
"the call of duty"
assert or affirm strongly; state to be true or existing;
"He claimed that he killed the burglar"
demand as being one's due or property; assert one's right or title to;
"He claimed his suitcases at the airline counter"
"Mr. Smith claims special tax exemptions because he is a foreign resident"
ask for legally or make a legal claim to, as of debts, for example;
"They claimed on the maximum allowable amount"
lay claim to; as of an idea;
"She took credit for the whole idea"
take as an undesirable consequence of some event or state of affairs;
"the accident claimed three lives"
"The hard work took its toll on her"
acclaim v. 称赞;赞扬;向…欢呼;向…喝彩; n. 公开赞扬;称誉; 热烈欢迎或赞同;
claimant n. 原告;索取者;[法]原告，债权;
counterclaim v.& n. 反诉状，索赔;
declaim vt.& vi. （像演讲般）说话; vi. 抨击;（在公共场合）大声抗议;
disclaim vt. 否认;
exclaim vt.& vi. 呼喊;惊叫;大声说;
proclaim vt. 宣告，公布;表明;赞扬，称颂;
quitclaim n. 放弃权利; vt. 放弃合法权利;
reclaim vt. 开拓，开垦;感化;取回;沙化; n. 改造，感化;教化;回收再利用;收回，取回;
claim notices 期刊催缺单，催询通知;
wage claim 提高工资的要求;
bad claim 不良债权;
pay-claim n. （工会的）增加工资的要求;
residual claim 剩余权益;
attendant claim 附带要求;
unliquidated claim 未清偿债务;
legal claim 合法要求;
claim statement 损失索赔清单，起诉状;
recourse claim 行使票据上的追索权;
to claim 辩护;
claim board [法] 索赔委员会;
claim damage [经] 要求赔偿损害;
belated claim [经] 迟索的赔款;
claim letter 要求赔偿书;
claim sheet [医]索赔清单;
claim adjuster [法] 理赔人;
damage claim 损毁索赔，损失索偿;
claim settlement 理赔;索赔;
composite claim 复合求偿;
claim graph [计] 要求图;