2019-03-05 15:44:19  ·  词库



英音 [breɪk] 美音 [brek]


vt. (使)破;打破(纪录);(常指好天气)突变;开始;

vi. (嗓音)突变;突破;破晓;(价格)突然下跌;

n. 破裂;中间休息;间断;短假;


  1. some abrupt occurrence that interrupts an ongoing activity;

    "the telephone is an annoying interruption"
    "there was a break in the action when a player was hurt"

  2. an unexpected piece of good luck;

    "he finally got his big break"

  3. (geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement of one side with respect to the other;

    "they built it right over a geological fault"
    "he studied the faulting of the earth's crust"

  4. a personal or social separation (as between opposing factions);

    "they hoped to avoid a break in relations"

  5. a pause from doing something (as work);

    "we took a 10-minute break"
    "he took time out to recuperate"

  6. the act of breaking something;

    "the breakage was unavoidable"

  7. a time interval during which there is a temporary cessation of something

  8. breaking of hard tissue such as bone;

    "it was a nasty fracture"
    "the break seems to have been caused by a fall"

  9. the occurrence of breaking;

    "the break in the dam threatened the valley"

  10. an abrupt change in the tone or register of the voice (as at puberty or due to emotion);

    "then there was a break in her voice"

  11. the opening shot that scatters the balls in billiards or pool

  12. (tennis) a score consisting of winning a game when your opponent was serving;

    "he was up two breaks in the second set"

  13. an act of delaying or interrupting the continuity;

    "it was presented without commercial breaks"
    "there was a gap in his account"

  14. a sudden dash;

    "he made a break for the open door"

  15. any frame in which a bowler fails to make a strike or spare;

    "the break in the eighth frame cost him the match"

  16. an escape from jail;

    "the breakout was carefully planned"

  1. terminate;

    "She interrupted her pregnancy"
    "break a lucky streak"
    "break the cycle of poverty"

  2. become separated into pieces or fragments;

    "The figurine broke"
    "The freshly baked loaf fell apart"

  3. render inoperable or ineffective;

    "You broke the alarm clock when you took it apart!"

  4. ruin completely;

    "He busted my radio!"

  5. destroy the integrity of; usually by force; cause to separate into pieces or fragments;

    "He broke the glass plate"
    "She broke the match"

  6. act in disregard of laws, rules, contracts, or promises;

    "offend all laws of humanity"
    "violate the basic laws or human civilization"
    "break a law"
    "break a promise"

  7. move away or escape suddenly;

    "The horses broke from the stable"
    "Three inmates broke jail"
    "Nobody can break out--this prison is high security"

  8. scatter or part;

    "The clouds broke after the heavy downpour"

  9. force out or release suddenly and often violently something pent up;

    "break into tears"
    "erupt in anger"

  10. prevent completion;

    "stop the project"
    "break off the negotiations"

  11. enter someone's (virtual or real) property in an unauthorized manner, usually with the intent to steal or commit a violent act;

    "Someone broke in while I was on vacation"
    "They broke into my car and stole my radio!"
    "who broke into my account last night?"

  12. make submissive, obedient, or useful;

    "The horse was tough to break"
    "I broke in the new intern"

  13. fail to agree with; be in violation of; as of rules or patterns;

    "This sentence violates the rules of syntax"

  14. surpass in excellence;

    "She bettered her own record"
    "break a record"

  15. make known to the public information that was previously known only to a few people or that was meant to be kept a secret;

    "The auction house would not disclose the price at which the van Gogh had sold"
    "The actress won't reveal how old she is"
    "bring out the truth"
    "he broke the news to her"
    "unwrap the evidence in the murder case"

  16. come into being;

    "light broke over the horizon"
    "Voices broke in the air"

  17. stop operating or functioning;

    "The engine finally went"
    "The car died on the road"
    "The bus we travelled in broke down on the way to town"
    "The coffee maker broke"
    "The engine failed on the way to town"
    "her eyesight went after the accident"

  18. interrupt a continued activity;

    "She had broken with the traditional patterns"

  19. make a rupture in the ranks of the enemy or one's own by quitting or fleeing;

    "The ranks broke"

  20. curl over and fall apart in surf or foam, of waves;

    "The surf broke"

  21. lessen in force or effect;

    "soften a shock"
    "break a fall"

  22. be broken in;

    "If the new teacher won't break, we'll add some stress"

  23. come to an end;

    "The heat wave finally broke yesterday"

  24. vary or interrupt a uniformity or continuity;

    "The flat plain was broken by tall mesas"

  25. cause to give up a habit;

    "She finally broke herself of smoking cigarettes"

  26. give up;

    "break cigarette smoking"

  27. come forth or begin from a state of latency;

    "The first winter storm broke over New York"

  28. happen or take place;

    "Things have been breaking pretty well for us in the past few months"

  29. cause the failure or ruin of;

    "His peccadilloes finally broke his marriage"
    "This play will either make or break the playwright"

  30. invalidate by judicial action;

    "The will was broken"

  31. discontinue an association or relation; go different ways;

    "The business partners broke over a tax question"
    "The couple separated after 25 years of marriage"
    "My friend and I split up"

  32. assign to a lower position; reduce in rank;

    "She was demoted because she always speaks up"
    "He was broken down to Sergeant"

  33. reduce to bankruptcy;

    "My daughter's fancy wedding is going to break me!"
    "The slump in the financial markets smashed him"

  34. change directions suddenly

  35. emerge from the surface of a body of water;

    "The whales broke"

  36. break down, literally or metaphorically;

    "The wall collapsed"
    "The business collapsed"
    "The dam broke"
    "The roof collapsed"
    "The wall gave in"
    "The roof finally gave under the weight of the ice"

  37. do a break dance;

    "Kids were break-dancing at the street corner"

  38. exchange for smaller units of money;

    "I had to break a $100 bill just to buy the candy"

  39. destroy the completeness of a set of related items;

    "The book dealer would not break the set"

  40. make the opening shot that scatters the balls

  41. separate from a clinch, in boxing;

    "The referee broke the boxers"

  42. go to pieces;

    "The lawn mower finally broke"
    "The gears wore out"
    "The old chair finally fell apart completely"

  43. break a piece from a whole;

    "break a branch from a tree"

  44. become punctured or penetrated;

    "The skin broke"

  45. pierce or penetrate;

    "The blade broke her skin"

  46. be released or become known; of news;

    "News of her death broke in the morning"

  47. cease an action temporarily;

    "We pause for station identification"
    "let's break for lunch"

  48. interrupt the flow of current in;

    "break a circuit"

  49. undergo breaking;

    "The simple vowels broke in many Germanic languages"

  50. find a flaw in;

    "break an alibi"
    "break down a proof"

  51. find the solution or key to;

    "break the code"

  52. change suddenly from one tone quality or register to another;

    "Her voice broke to a whisper when she started to talk about her children"

  53. happen;

    "Report the news as it develops"
    "These political movements recrudesce from time to time"

  54. become fractured; break or crack on the surface only;

    "The glass cracked when it was heated"

  55. crack; of the male voice in puberty;

    "his voice is breaking--he should no longer sing in the choir"

  56. fall sharply;

    "stock prices broke"

  57. fracture a bone of;

    "I broke my foot while playing hockey"

  58. diminish or discontinue abruptly;

    "The patient's fever broke last night"

  59. weaken or destroy in spirit or body;

    "His resistance was broken"
    "a man broken by the terrible experience of near-death"

breakable adj. 易碎的; n. 易碎的东西,易破的东西;
breakage n. 破坏,破损,破损量;
breakaway adj. 脱离的,分离出去的; n. 分离;逃脱,背弃;
breakdown n. 崩溃,倒塌;损坏,故障;分解;垮,衰竭;
breaker n. [电]断路器;破坏者,破碎者;轧碎机,破碎机;碎浪;
breakfast n. 早餐,早饭;早餐食物; vi. 吃早餐; vt. 供给…早餐;
breakfront adj. (橱、书架等)断层式的(指中间部分突出或上半部缩进);
breaking n. 破坏,阻断; v. 打破,折断,弄坏( break的现在分词 );(使)破;打破(纪录);(常指好天气)突变;
breakneck adj. 要使颈骨折断似的,非常危险的;
breakoff 中止;掰;
breakout n. 脱逃,越狱,突围;
breakpoint (物质在张力下的)断裂点,耐力和自我抑制力极限;断点;转效点;
breakthrough n. 突破;穿透;重要技术成就;炉衬烧穿;
breakup n. (关系、联盟的)终止;解散;别离;瓦解;
breakwater n. 防波堤;
daybreak n. 拂晓,黎明;天亮;旦;天明;
firebreak n. 防火道;
heartbreak n. 心碎,断肠;极度伤心; v. 使心碎;
housebreak v. 侵入家庭盗取,拆屋;
jailbreak n. 越狱,逃狱; vt. (对手机,特别是iPhone等电子产品所做的)破解;(对手机,特别是iPhone等电子产品所做的)破解;
newsbreak n. 有报导价值的事件;
outbreak n. (战争,怒气等的)爆发;突然发生; vi. 爆发;
windbreak n. 防风林;防风物;防风墙;防风设备;

break shovel 松土铲;
break stock 粉碎后的粉料;
break down 失败;划分(以便分析);损坏;衰弱下来;
break sheer 抛单锚时船位移动而使锚链绕结;
crown break 外胎顺轮周破裂;
glass break 玻璃状断口;
break stones v. 敲碎石头,干苦活;做苦工;
break surface 轧辊破碎面积;
tie-break n. <网球>正赛未分胜负后的加赛;
isochromatid break 等点断裂;
rough break 粗糙断口,不平滑断口;
emulsion break 乳胶分解;
break-out n. (常指集体的)越狱;大笑起来;
baseline break 基线中断;
stratigraphic break 地层间断;
break jack 断路接点塞孔;
air-break 空气断路器;
break test 断裂试验,破坏试验;
break rolls 对轨辊;
break through v. 突围,突破;猛涨;攻破;




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