2019-03-05 15:44:33  ·  词库



英音 [həʊld] 美音 [hoʊld]


vt. 拿住,握住;保留,保存;扣留,拘押;容纳;

vi. 拿住,握住;同意,赞成;保持不变;有效;

n. 握住;保留;控制;


  1. the act of grasping;

    "he released his clasp on my arm"
    "he has a strong grip for an old man"
    "she kept a firm hold on the railing"

  2. understanding of the nature or meaning or quality or magnitude of something;

    "he has a good grasp of accounting practices"

  3. power by which something or someone is affected or dominated;

    "he has a hold over them"

  4. time during which some action is awaited;

    "instant replay caused too long a delay"
    "he ordered a hold in the action"

  5. a state of being confined (usually for a short time);

    "his detention was politically motivated"
    "the prisoner is on hold"
    "he is in the custody of police"

  6. a stronghold

  7. a cell in a jail or prison

  8. the appendage to an object that is designed to be held in order to use or move it;

    "he grabbed the hammer by the handle"
    "it was an old briefcase but it still had a good grip"

  9. the space in a ship or aircraft for storing cargo

  1. keep in a certain state, position, or activity; e.g.,

    "keep clean"
    "hold in place"
    "She always held herself as a lady"
    "The students keep me on my toes"

  2. have or hold in one's hands or grip;

    "Hold this bowl for a moment, please"
    "A crazy idea took hold of him"

  3. organize or be responsible for;

    "hold a reception"
    "have, throw, or make a party"
    "give a course"

  4. have or possess, either in a concrete or an abstract sense;

    "She has $1,000 in the bank"
    "He has got two beautiful daughters"
    "She holds a Master's degree from Harvard"

  5. keep in mind or convey as a conviction or view;

    "take for granted"
    "view as important"
    "hold these truths to be self-evident"
    "I hold him personally responsible"

  6. maintain (a theory, thoughts, or feelings);

    "bear a grudge"
    "entertain interesting notions"
    "harbor a resentment"

  7. to close within bounds, limit or hold back from movement;

    "This holds the local until the express passengers change trains"
    "About a dozen animals were held inside the stockade"
    "The illegal immigrants were held at a detention center"
    "The terrorists held the journalists for ransom"

  8. secure and keep for possible future use or application;

    "The landlord retained the security deposit"
    "I reserve the right to disagree"

  9. have rightfully; of rights, titles, and offices;

    "She bears the title of Duchess"
    "He held the governorship for almost a decade"

  10. be the physical support of; carry the weight of;

    "The beam holds up the roof"
    "He supported me with one hand while I balanced on the beam"
    "What's holding that mirror?"

  11. contain or hold; have within;

    "The jar carries wine"
    "The canteen holds fresh water"
    "This can contains water"

  12. have room for; hold without crowding;

    "This hotel can accommodate 250 guests"
    "The theater admits 300 people"
    "The auditorium can't hold more than 500 people"

  13. remain in a certain state, position, or condition;

    "The weather held"
    "They held on the road and kept marching"

  14. support or hold in a certain manner;

    "She holds her head high"
    "He carried himself upright"

  15. be valid, applicable, or true;

    "This theory still holds"

  16. assert or affirm;

    "Rousseau's philosophy holds that people are inherently good"

  17. have as a major characteristic;

    "The novel holds many surprises"
    "The book holds in store much valuable advise"

  18. be capable of holding or containing;

    "This box won't take all the items"
    "The flask holds one gallon"

  19. arrange for and reserve (something for someone else) in advance;

    "reserve me a seat on a flight"
    "The agent booked tickets to the show for the whole family"
    "please hold a table at Maxim's"

  20. protect against a challenge or attack;

    "Hold that position behind the trees!"
    "Hold the bridge against the enemy's attacks"

  21. bind by an obligation; cause to be indebted;

    "He's held by a contract"
    "I'll hold you by your promise"

  22. hold the attention of;

    "The soprano held the audience"
    "This story held our interest"
    "She can hold an audience spellbound"

  23. remain committed to;

    "I hold to these ideas"

  24. resist or confront with resistance;

    "The politician defied public opinion"
    "The new material withstands even the greatest wear and tear"
    "The bridge held"

  25. be pertinent or relevant or applicable;

    "The same laws apply to you!"
    "This theory holds for all irrational numbers"
    "The same rules go for everyone"

  26. stop dealing with;

    "hold all calls to the President's office while he is in a meeting"

  27. lessen the intensity of; temper; hold in restraint; hold or keep within limits;

    "moderate your alcohol intake"
    "hold your tongue"
    "hold your temper"
    "control your anger"

  28. keep from departing;

    "Hold the taxi"
    "Hold the horse"

  29. take and maintain control over, often by violent means;

    "The dissatisfied students held the President's office for almost a week"

  30. cause to stop;

    "Halt the engines"
    "Arrest the progress"
    "halt the presses"

  31. cover as for protection against noise or smell;

    "She held her ears when the jackhammer started to operate"
    "hold one's nose"

  32. drink alcohol without showing ill effects;

    "He can hold his liquor"
    "he had drunk more than he could carry"

  33. aim, point, or direct;

    "Hold the fire extinguisher directly on the flames"

  34. declare to be;

    "She was declared incompetent"
    "judge held that the defendant was innocent"

  35. be in accord; be in agreement;

    "We agreed on the terms of the settlement"
    "I can't agree with you!"
    "I hold with those who say life is sacred"
    "Both philosophers concord on this point"

  36. keep from exhaling or expelling;

    "hold your breath"

ahold v. 抓,握,迎风航驶;
behold vt. 看到,注视;领悟; vi. 瞧;用在祈使句中以引起人注意; int. 瞧,看呀;
chokehold n. 掐脖子;压制;
foothold n. 立足处(攀登时脚踩的地方);(在事业等方面可以进一步发展的)稳固地位;据点;
freehold n. 自由保有,不动产;
handhold n. 握住,把柄,线索;
holdall n. (旅行用的)手提箱或手提袋;
holdback n. 妨害,障碍;位持器;
holden hold的过去分词;
holder n. 支持物;持有者;(支票等)持有人;支托(或握持)…之物;
holdfast n. 紧握;钉子;钩子;夹钳;
holding n. 佃户租种的土地;所有物(如土地、债券、股份等);私有财产;(因其热情、精力或决心等)阻拦不住某人; v. 拿( hold的现在分词);认为;包含;容纳;
holdout n. 坚持;
holdover n. 延期,任期届满后仍占据同样地位的人;
holdup n. 拦劫行人的强盗行为;劫盗;无理的讨价;停顿;
household n. 家庭,户;(集合词)全家人,(包含人在内的)家眷,家属,家里人;家庭;(英)王室; adj. 家庭的,家内的,一家的;日常的,家常的,普通的;家喻户晓的;王室的;
leasehold adj. <尤英>(土地、房产)根据地契年期而拥有的; n. 租赁权,租赁期,租赁物;
overwithhold vt. 过多扣留(雇员应交所得税);
roothold n. 根部固着力,使根固定之处;
stokehold n. (汽船上的)锅炉室,锅炉口;炉前;
stranglehold n. 勒颈;压制;束缚;
stronghold n. 要塞;据点;根据地;
subthreshold adj. 阈下的,低于最低限度的,不足以引起反应的;
threshold n. 门槛,入口,开始;[物理学]临界值;<英>级限协定;[航空学]跑道入口; adj. 阈值的,临界值的;<英>按物价指数变动工资的,工资极限的,级限的;
throttlehold n. 遏制,扼杀;
toehold n. 攀登悬崖时的小立足点,排除障碍的方法;
uphold vt. 支持;维持;赞成;支撑;
withhold vt. 扣留;拒绝给予;抑制(某事物);制止,阻挡; vi. 忍住,克制;

hold register 保持记忆装置;
hold cargo 装舱货物;
hold fire v. 不采取行动;
hold record 保持记录;
hold over 延期; 延续;保留;继续上映;
house-hold n. 家眷,王室,家务; adj. 家务的,家常的;
hold on 坚持;等一等;<口>别挂电话;抓紧不放;
hold up 举起;支撑;耽搁;持械抢劫;
toe-hold n. 攀登时脚趾大小的立足点;
hold down 压住; 使固定;限制;镇压;
hold off 拖延;抵抗; 抗拒;使…疏远;
hold capacity 保存能力;
horizontal hold 水平同步,行同步;
hold amplifier 保持放大器;
mark hold [计] 标记保存;
graphics hold 图形同步并接;
line hold 行同步;
data-hold 数据保持;
hold with 同意;容忍;
hold to 紧握;坚持;
mains hold [医]帧扫与电源频率同步;
foot hold 踏板;




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