英语音标中元音字母的发音规则

2019-03-28 17:30:31  ·  青少儿英语指南

英语音标中元音字母的发音规则

小学英语,音标是基础。阅读和识别语音符号可以帮助孩子记住单词,甚至是可以自己学习英语单词,所以来说音标是非常有用的。掌握五个元音字母的读音及其组合规律是学好英语的关键。元音字母在单词中可以单独发音,也可以跟其它字母构成字母组合一起发音。今天已经编写了元音字母的发音规则就让我们一起学习一下吧。

 

1.元音字母A

 

1)在重读开音节中读字母音[ei ]

 

例如:name [neim] grade [greid] eraser [i'reisə] cake [keik] same [seim]table ['teibl] late [leit]

 

favourite ['feivərit] face [feis] tape [teip] plane [plein] potato [pə'teitəu] skate [skeit] make [meik]

 

lake [leik] take [teik] save [seiv] station ['steiʃən] baker ['beikə] place [pleis] tomato[tə'meitəu]

 

safe [seif] gate [geit] snake [sneik] cage [keidʒ] baby ['beibi] paper ['peipə] famous ['feiməs]

 

later ['leitə] radio ['reidiəu] patient ['peiʃənt]

 

.元音字母E

 

1)在重读开音节中读字母音[i:]

 

例如:these [ði:z] we [wi:] evening ['i:vniŋ] be [bi:] even ['i:vən] Chinese['tʃai'ni:z]

 

Japanese[,dʒ鎝ə'ni:z] she [ʃi:] he [hi:] me [mi:] metre ['mi:tə] Swedish ['swi:diʃ] scenery ['si:nəri] eve [i:v]

 

2).在重读闭音节中读字[e]

 

例如:ten [ten] spell [spel] pen [pen] desk [desk] egg [eg] welcome ['welkəm] let [let]

 

address [ə'dres] dress [dres] next ['nekst] leg [leg] empty ['empti] mend [mend]

 

chess [tʃes] rest [rest] letter ['letə] better['betə] left [left] tell [tel] remember [ri'membə]

 

invent [in'vent] December [di'sembə] wet [wet] message ['mesidʒ]

 

.元音字母I

 

1)在重读开音节中读字母音[ai]

 

例如:hi [hai] nine [nain] minus ['mainəs] Chinese['tʃai'ni:z] fine [fain] licence ['laisəns]

 

wife [waif] kite [kait] white [hwait] line [lain] mine [main] beside [bi'said] knife [naif]

 

rice [rais] ice [ais] ride [raid] Friday ['fraidi] write [rait] price [prais] hike [haik]

 

exciting [ik'saitiŋ] lion ['laiən] tiger ['taigə] quite [kwait] diary ['daiəri] science ['saiəns]

 

invite [in'vait] wine [wain] quiet ['kwaiət] surprise [sə'praiz]

 

2)在读闭音节中读字母音[i]

 

例如:six [siks] think [θiŋk] picture ['piktʃə] twin [twin] with [wið] drink [driŋk]

 

chips [tʃip] swim [swim] sing [siŋ] dinner ['dinə] dish [diʃ] trip [trip] winter ['wintə] pick [pik] lift [lift] village ['vilidʒ]

 

.元音字母O

 

1)在重读开音节中读字母音[əu]

 

例如:no [nəu] hello [hə'ləu] home [həum] those [ðəuz] over ['əuvə] phone [fəun]

 

open ['əupən] so [səu] nose [nəuz] broken ['brəukən] robot ['rəubɔt] code [kəud]

 

close [kləuz] smoke [sməuk] October [ɔk'təubə] hope [həup] ago [ə'gəu] Rome [rəum]

 

suppose [sə'pəuz] mobile ['məubil] notice ['nəutis]

 

2)在重读闭音节中读[ɔ]

 

例如:not [nɔt] clock [klɔk] forgot[fə'gɔt] doctor ['dɔktə] lock [lɔk] doll [dɔl] from [frɔm]

 

sock [sɔk] shop [ʃɔp] hot [hɔt] fog [fɔg] hospital ['hɔspitl] job [dʒɔb] hobby ['hɔbi]

 

problem ['prɔbləm] dollar['dɔlə] college ['kɔlidʒ] dolphin ['dɔlfin] soccer ['sɔkə]

 

rock [rɔk] concert ['kɔnsət] song [sɔŋ] crop [krɔp] opposite ['ɔpəzit]

 

.元音字母U

 

1)在重读开音节中读字母音[j u:]

 

例如:computer[kəm'pju:tə] excuse [iks'kju:z] student ['stju:dənt] use [ju:z]

 

music ['mju:zik] usually ['ju:ʒuəli] refuse [ri'fju:z] human ['hju:mən]

 

produce [prə'dju:s] scuba ['skju:bə] contribution [,kɔntri'bju:ʃən] pupil ['pju:pl] universe ['ju:nivə:s] huge [hju:dʒ] duty ['dju:ti]

 

2)在重读闭音节中读[ʌ]

 

例如:number ['nʌmbə] plus [plʌs] cup [kʌp] bus [bʌs] much [mʌtʃ] us [ʌs]

 

husband ['hʌzbənd] uncle ['ʌŋkl] must [mʌst] lunch [lʌntʃ] hundred ['hʌndrəd]

 

hungry ['hʌŋgri] jump [dʒʌmp] run [rʌn] fun [fʌn] discuss [di'skʌs] pumpkin ['pʌmpkin]

 

summer ['sʌmə] duck [dʌk] subject ['sʌbdʒikt] suddenly ['sʌdnli]

 

音标对于英语教学是非常重要的,它是学习英语的根本,只有学好音标才能将之后的英语学习继续下去。学好音标不仅可以了解英语单词的读音还可以认识更多的英语单词,这样就可以利用英语音标来帮助之后的英语学习了。以上文章的内容就是为大家介绍的关于英语音标中元音字母的发音规律的相关介绍,希望这些知识可以帮助到大家。